In the aftermath of the global financial crisis, car aficionados cringed as automakers “killed” certain product lines and even entire brands. But one nameplate that appears to be immortal is Toyota’s Corolla compact. First sold in 1966, the Corolla has undergone several major redesigns in the decades since — 10, to date. And by 2010, Toyota has sold 32 million Corollas built in 16 different countries.

The Toyota Corolla is one of a line of subcompact and compact cars manufactured by the Japanese automaker Toyota, which has become very popular throughout the world since the nameplate was first introduced in 1966. In 1997, the Corolla became the best selling nameplate in the world, surpassing the Volkswagen Beetle.[2] Over 39 million Corollas have been sold as of 2012.[3] The series has undergone several major redesigns.

The name “corolla” is part of Toyota’s naming tradition of using the name Crown for primary models: the Corona, for example, gets its name from the Latin for crownCorolla is Latin for small crown; and Camry is an Anglicized pronunciation of the Japanese for crownkanmuri. The Corolla has always been exclusive in Japan to Toyota Corolla Store locations, and manufactured in Japan with a twin, called the Toyota Sprinter, sold at a specific Japanese Toyota dealership called Toyota Auto Store, then renamed Toyota Vista Store in 1980.


The Toyota Corolla is a line that has been in continuous production for over 40 years. It is currently in its tenth generation, and is vastly different from the original first generation of Corollas. This venerable brand is one of the world’s best-selling lines of vehicles. In fact, if the sales for the past 40 years were averaged, then in that time one Corolla was sold every 40 seconds. Its popularity means that there is always a demand for Corolla parts and accessories. Here at Brandsport we have a few Toyota Corolla parts. The many generations of Corollas were different from each other both externally and internally, and thus it would be extremely difficult to have all parts on hand.

Whether you’re talking about Corollas from the ’70s, ’80s, or ’90s, Toyota’s Corolla compact had a reputation for lasting hundreds of thousands of miles with few, if any, serious repairs. In about ten generations over more than 40 years, the Toyota Corolla has gone from rear-wheel drive to front-wheel drive, and it’s included sedans, coupes, fastbacks, hatchbacks, and wagons, but it’s kept those core qualities the whole time.

Rear-wheel-drive Corollas actually continued in sport-coupe form until 1987, but by then sedans had the front-wheel-drive layout that maintain today. Over time, the 1.6-liter four has been expanded to a 1.8-liter, and the optional three-speed automatic got four speeds, but the Corolla hasn’t grown that much larger.

The compact, front-wheel drive sedans that most people know as Corollas have competed with the likes of the Chevrolet Cobalt (and Cruze), Ford Focus, Honda Civic, Nissan Sentra, and Volkswagen Jetta.





If you drive, then it’s likely you use your rearview mirror each and every time you slide behind the wheel of your car or truck — or at least you should be using it, anyway. But have you ever stopped for a moment to really think about where this clever use of reflective glass originated? Who first had the idea to add a mirror to the interior of a motor car? Well, it just so happens that the first use of a rearview mirror while driving is attributed to a race car driver. A race car driver in a very famous race, nonetheless.

On May 30, 1911, at the inaugural running of the Indianapolis 500 in Indianapolis, Ind., driver Ray Harroun drove his Marmon Wasp to victory — alone. Alone in the sense that he didn’t have a riding mechanic with him for the entire race, as did every other competitor on that day. The bright yellow Marmon Wasp was streamlined and built for only one man. There was no room for a mechanic. So, in order to keep an eye on the drivers closing in from behind (a job normally handled by the riding mechanic), Harroun found a way to mount a rearward facing mirror to his car. It worked, and Harroun drove to victory in the first-ever Indianapolis 500 race.

Soon after, auto manufacturers began to produce new cars with rearview mirror as standard safety equipment

rear-view mirror is a mirror in automobiles and other vehicles, designed to allow the driver to see rearward through the vehicle’s backlight (rear windshield or windscreen).

In cars, the rear-view mirror is usually affixed to the top of the windshield on a double-swivel mount allowing it to be adjusted to suit the height and viewing angle of any driver and to swing harmlessly out of the way if impacted by a vehicle occupant in a collision.

The rear-view mirror is augmented by one or more side-view mirrors, which serve as the only rear-vision mirrors on motorcycles andbicycles.

The rear-view mirror’s earliest known use and mention is by Dorothy Levitt in her 1906 book The Woman and the Car which noted that women should “carry a little hand-mirror in a convenient place when driving” so they may “hold the mirror aloft from time to time in order to see behind while driving in traffic”, thereby inventing the rear view mirror before it was introduced by manufacturers in 1914. The earliest known rear-view mirror mounted on a motor vehicle appeared in Ray Harroun’s Marmon racecar at the inaugural Indianapolis 500race in 1911. Although Harroun’s is the first known use of such a mirror on a motor vehicle, Harroun himself claimed he got the idea from seeing a mirror used for the same purpose on a horse-drawn vehicle in 1904. Harroun also claimed that the mirror vibrated constantly due to the rough brick surface, rendering it largely useless.

Elmer Berger is usually credited with inventing the rear-view mirror, though in fact he was the first to develop it for incorporation into production streetgoing automobiles.

It might sound crazy, but companies and researchers are actually working on making fuel for cars, trucks, and even airplanes from some of these sources:

  • Sawdust, wood chips and nuts
  • Used diapers
  • Bad batches of chocolate
  • Cow waste
  • Coffee grounds
  • Used polystyrene cups
  • Turkey guts

Fuel is any material that stores energy that can later be extracted to perform mechanical work in a controlled manner. Most fuels used by humans undergo combustion, a redox reaction in which a combustible substance releases energy after it ignites and reacts with the oxygen in the air. Other processes used to convert fuel into energy include various otherexothermic chemical reactions and nuclear reactions, such as nuclear fission or nuclear fusion. Fuels are also used in thecells of organisms in a process known as cellular respiration, where organic molecules are oxidized to release usable energy. Hydrocarbons are by far the most common source of fuel used by humans, but other substances, including radioactive metals, are also utilized.


Main article: Biofuel

Biofuel can be broadly defined as solid, liquid, or gas fuel consisting of, or derived from biomass. Biomass can also be used directly for heating or power—known as biomass fuel. Biofuel can be produced from any carbon source that can be replenished rapidly e.g. plants. Many different plants and plant-derived materials are used for biofuel manufacture.

Perhaps the earliest fuel employed by humans is wood. Evidence shows controlled fire was used up to 1.5 million years ago at Swartkrans, South Africa. It is unknown which hominid species first used fire, as both Australopithecus and an early species of Homo were present at the sites.[1] As a fuel, wood has remained in use up until the present day, although it has been superseded for many purposes by other sources. Wood has an energy density of 10–20 MJ/kg.[2]

Recently biofuels have been developed for use in automotive transport (for example Bioethanol and Biodiesel), but there is widespread public debate about how carbon efficient these fuels are.

Fossil fuels

Main article: Fossil fuel

Fossil fuels are hydrocarbons, primarily coal and petroleum (liquid petroleum or natural gas), formed from the fossilized remains of ancient plants and animals[3] by exposure to high heat and pressure in the absence of oxygen in the Earth’s crust over hundreds of millions of years.[4] Commonly, the term fossil fuel also includes hydrocarbon-containing natural resources that are not derived entirely from biological sources, such as tar sands. These latter sources are properly known as mineral fuels.